US ARMY VIETNAM COMBAT ARTIST PROGRAM FACT SHEET DATED 15 JULY, 1967
US Army Combat Art Team IV
15 August-15 October, 1967, Vietnam
16 October-31 December 1967, Hawaii
Team IV members:
Sp/4 James Pollock from South Dakota
Sp/4 Daniel Lopez from California
Sp/4 Samuel Alexander from Mississippi
Sp/5 Burdell Moody from Arizona
Sgt. Ronald Wilson from Utah
Technical Supervisor Lt. Frank M. Thomas
James Pollock's home state was and still is South Dakota. At the time of
his selection to US Army Combat Artist Team IV he was serving as a Sp/4
postal clerk with First Base Post Office, 8th US Army, and was stationed
at Camp Ames near Taejon, South Korea. All artwork completed as a soldier
artist are in the Military History War Art Collection in Washington D.C.
The following document was sent to US Army Combat Artist Team IV member
James Pollock, 15 July 1967 after being selected through army-wide competition.
It was prepared by United States Army in the Republic of Vietnam (USARV)
Command Historian and gives an official overview of the US Army Combat Art
Program in 1967.
ARMY COMBAT ARTIST PROGRAM
1. General. In previous wars, the United Army relied primarily on civilian
artists for artworks of men and machines at war. Early in 1966, the Army
Combat Artist Program (ACAP) was revived. On 17 June 1966 the program was
expanded to include sending teams of volunteer soldier-artists to Vietnam
to record US Army activities. Overall responsibility for the ACAP is assigned
to the Chief of Military History with support from the Chief of Information
and the Adjutant General (through the resources of Army Crafts Program).
Suitable artworks produced by both civilian and soldier artists will be
added to the Army War Art Collection as a permanent contribution to the
annals of American military history.
2. Civilian Artists.
a. This part of the program is administered by OCMH. Civilian artists are
provided travel, quarters, subsistence, guidance on the type artwork desired,
and are required to observe specific rules of conduct while in Vietnam.
In general, they are to have maximum freedom of expression.
b. Civilian artists travel on invitational orders, and spend 21-30 day tour
in Vietnam. During their tours, they make sketches and notes and take photographs
from which to develop paintings after return to CONUS. Artists are furnished
transportation, per diem, and art supplies while on tour. They are to be
treated as official visitors, GS-15 equivalent, and allowed as much freedom
of action as conditions permit.
c. Information officers at USARV and subordinate headquarters arrange necessary
support, to include billeting and local transportation, for civilian artists
on assignment in Vietnam. The USARV Command Historian will be available
to give incoming artists a general briefing, and all military history detachment
commanders are to render appropriate assistance when feasible.
d. Invitational orders have been issued for twelve civilian artists to visit
Vietnam this calendar year at the rate of three per quarter. To date, three
have completed visits in Vietnam.
3. Soldier Artist Teams.
a. This aspect of the ADAP is administered at DA level primarily by the
Army Crafts Branch, Morale and Education Section of TAGO. The Crafts Branch
recruits military personnel to participate in the program. Appications submitted
through command channels to TAGO are reviewed by a committee of representatives
from OCMH and Crafts Branch. Individuals selected are placed on TDY for
120 days as members of a five-man team. The first three teams each spent
approximately 60 days in Vietnam observing US Army activities and preparing
preliminary artwork, and then moved to Hawaii for an additional 60--day
period to develop finished artwork. Current plans are for Team #4 to spend
60 days in Vietnam and 75 days in Hawaii. Upon completion of TDY, the soldier
artists return to their home stations.
b. The USARV Command Historian is responsible for staff supervision of the
program in Vietnam, and is the point of contact for coordination of program
activities and official communications on the program with USARPAC, USARHAW,
and interested DA agencies. The Command Historian is responsible for coordinating
preparation of itineraries, obtaining travel orders, and coordinating administrative
actions in support of the program. The USARV Information Officer is responsible
for arranging in-country travel, and assists in preparation of itineraries.
When the team is on field trips, unit information officers coordinate team
activities in their areas. A Technical Supervisor, usually a DAC who is
also an experienced artist familiar with the Army Crafts Program, accompanies
each team to exercise direct control, serves as the point of contact for
coordination activities, and supervises all aspects of the performance of
the team mission in Vietnam. Military history detachment commanders are
to render appropriate assistance when requested.
C. Combat Artist Team #1 served in Vietnam from mid-August to mid-October
1966, and completed their TDY in Hawaii by mid-December. Team #2 was in
Vietnam from mid-October to mid-December 1966, and completed their work
in Hawaii in mid-February 1967. Team #3 arrived in Vietnam in mid-February
1967, departed for Hawaii in mid-April, and completed finished artworks
in Hawaii in mid-June 1967.
4. Future Plans. The Army Combat Artist Program for FY 68 includes plans
for sending twelve volunteer civilian artists and three five-man teams of
soldiers artists to Vietnam during the fiscal year. Combat Artist Team #4
is scheduled to arrive in RVN about 15 August 1967 and will proceed to Hawaii
about 16 October for an additional 75 days TDY. Teams #5 and #6 are to arrive
in RVN o/a 1 November 1967 and 1 February 1968.
PREPARED BY USARV COMMAND HISTORIAN 15 JULY 1967
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