US Army Combat Art Team IV

15 August-15 October, 1967, Vietnam
16 October-31 December 1967, Hawaii

Team IV members:
Sp/4 James Pollock from South Dakota
Sp/4 Daniel Lopez from California
Sp/4 Samuel Alexander from Mississippi
Sp/5 Burdell Moody from Arizona
Sgt. Ronald Wilson from Utah
Technical Supervisor Lt. Frank M. Thomas

James Pollock's home state was and still is South Dakota. At the time of his selection to US Army Combat Artist Team IV he was serving as a Sp/4 postal clerk with First Base Post Office, 8th US Army, and was stationed at Camp Ames near Taejon, South Korea. All artwork completed as a soldier artist are in the Military History War Art Collection in Washington D.C.

Circular 28-30 is the official army-wide announcement for the U.S. Army Combat Artist Program for FY 1968 (this announcement covers teams IV, V and VI from 1 July 1967 through 1 January 1968). Pollock first became aware of the U.S. Army Combat Art Program when a friend clipped an article from the Korea edition of the PACIFIC STARS AND STRIPES announcing the army-wide competition for soldier artists. Circular 28-30, prepared by United State Army Chief of Staff Office, gives an overview and general information about the program and details on how to apply. This is the guiding document Pollock used when applying for the Combat Art Program Competition and after being selected. Application was made following these guidelines through the U.S. Army Crafts Program in Army Command Special Services Office in South Korea.


(page 1)

Cir 28-30

No. 28-30

WASHINGTON, D.C., 20 July 1967

Expires 30 June 1968

1. General. This circular announces the Combat Artist Program for FY 1968. This is a continuation of the program initiated during FY 1967 to utilize qualified soldier artists for recording military operations in Vietnam. Three teams of four to five men each will be selected to produce works of art during the period 1 July 1967 and 30 June 1968. They will be designated as teams IV, V, VI. All work by these soldier artists will be added to the Army's War Art Collection as a permanent contribution to American military history.

2. responsibilities. The program is the joint responsibility of the Office, Chief of Military History, and the Adjutant General's Office with support from the Office, Chief of Information. specific functions for the accomplishments of this program are--

a. Office, Chief of Military History will establish criteria and standards for artwork to be produced, provide fund support for travel expenses and art supplies, assist in final selection of soldier artists to participate in the program, and assume custody of the finished artwork. The Chief, Military History, USARV is responsible for administrative guidance of Combat Artist Program teams during their duty in Vietnam.

b. The Adjutant General through the resources of the Army Crafts Program, special Services Division, Army Education and Morale Support Directorate will monitor operations of the program in the field to include provision of administrative guidance, technical support, and art supplies; assistance with recruitment, selection, and oversea transportation of soldier participants. Special Services Offices Army-wide will assume responsibilities as follows:

(1) Personnel responsible for supervision of the Army Crafts Program in Army Command special Services Offices will coordinate operations of the Combat Artist Program in their respective Army areas. They will promote the program; provide technical advice and guidance on selection procedures; receive, evaluate, and forward or return applications. Staff Crafts Directors may be utilized to supervise the work of combat artist teams while on TDY basis and to assist in obtaining necessary art supplies and other support.

(2) Post Crafts Directors under the supervision of Special Services Officers will be responsible for operations at Army installations and off-post troop units. They will promote the program, recruit, interview, evaluate, and recommend prospective soldier applicants. They will advise and assist with submission of applications and with the orientation and processing of individuals selected as team members.

c. Office, Chief of Information will provide information support and request Information Officers in Vietnam to furnish support for soldier artists to include provision of billets, mess, transportation, and photographic coverage of team members at work.

3. Selection. Members of the three combat artist teams for FY 68 will be selected by Headquarters, Department of the Army from applications submitted by military personnel who are qualified, recommended, and eligible for release to this special assignment. The DA Selections Committee, composed of designated representatives from the Office, Chief of Military History and The Adjutant General's Office will meet prior to the following dates:

Team IV--Final date of selection 1 July 1967.
Team V--Final date of selection 1 October 1967.
Team VI--Final date of selection 1 January 1968.

commanders will be advised of individuals selected on or before the dates indicated.

4. Qualifications and requirements. a. Applicants must be competent artist-illustrators who have a sound foundation in life drawing, composition, and color. They must be able to record military events and experiences pictorially and with strong emotional impact. Their work must meet professional standards of craftsmanship and originality and be appropriate for inclusion in the annals of military history. Copy work will not be accepted for qualification.

(page 2) TAGO 104A
Cir 28-30

b. Team members will serve approximately 135 days TDY to include 60 days in Vietnam to make preliminary sketches and color studies, and 75 days in Hawaii to produce completed paintings. At the conclusion of the TDY assignment all individuals will return to their permanent duty stations.

5. Artwork. a. soldier artists will record military operations and mission functions in Vietnam such as but not limited to activities of groups in air mobile operations, aviation, ground combat, combat support (medical, communications, engineer, transportation), logistical support (supply and maintenance) and recreation and rest, chaplains affairs and religion, local environment (customs and occupations of the Vietnamese), and advisory and special Forces functions. Although posed portraits of individuals are prohibited, character studies are entirely acceptable. As the work produced by the artists comprises a historical record it is important that the subject matter of the artwork be recognizable. However, all soldier artists will be encouraged to depict their subjects in their own way.

b. No combat artist team member is authorized to do artwork for any individual or to engage in any special art project at any time during his assignment. All artwork, including sketches and sketchbooks, made during the artist's assignment, both in Vietnam and Hawaii, will be the property of the Department of the Army and will be forwarded to the Chief of Military History, Department of the Army, Washington, D.C. 20315.

c. Soldier-artists will be permitted a preference of art media. Supplies will be furnished in accordance with their requirements to the maximum extent possible. Essential supplies for drawing or sketching and for color studies will be issued in Vietnam. Painting equipment and other art supplies will be provided in hawaii as required.

d. It is essential that the painting surface of the finished work be permanent, either canvas or watercolor paper; for this reason artwork on illustration board will not be acceptable. Masonite may be used if the size is not greater than 48 inches on any dimension. Sizes of finished works will not be smaller than 18 by 24 inches or larger than 72 inches on any dimension.

e. Although the number of artworks will not be specified, soldier-artists should strive to make the widest possible coverage and variety of reference sketches in Vietnam. In the preparation of the finished drawings and painting in Hawaii, emphasis should be on high quality and a personal style. A small number of superior works is preferable to a quantity of undistinguished products.

f. Each sketch and painting will be identified for historical records. A card will be affixed to the back containing the following information:

(1) Title.

(2) Artist

(3) Date and place of scene or action depicted.

(4) Date and place of completion of sketch or painting.

(5) Identification of military unit, object, and/or persons depicted.

(6) Other pertinent information.

g. It is anticipated that cameras will be available in the Office, Chief Historian, United States Army, Vietnam for issue to team members. Individuals may utilize their own cameras, if preferred. A limited amount of film and processing will be furnished for such photographs. Record photographs made during duty in Vietnam will be submitted to the Chief of Military History, Department of the Army, for review and then will be returned to team members.

6. submission of applications. a. Each applicant must be eligible and authorized by his commander for release from duty for 135 days to participate in this program. Those soldier-artists who are qualified and recommended (para 2b(2) and 3 above) will initiate a personnel action with their unit commander. DA Form 1049 will be utilized for submission of all applications and will contain the following information:

(1) Name, grade, and service number.

(2) Military address and telephone number.

(3) Military assignment.

(4) Permanent home address and name of resident there.

(5) Time spent in the Army.

(6) Date present Army tour of duty will expire.

(7) Brief resume of education, training, and experiences as an artist. (Indicate type, where, and how long for each.)

(8) Preference of media for artwork.

(9) Signed statement.

I understand the responsibilities of this assignment and am willing to the best of my ability to discharge them in a manner creditable to myself as an artist and to the United States Army as befitting to the annals of military history. The art examples submitted herewith are my own original work.

Signature by applicant

(10) Written recommendation on qualifications signed by Army Crafts Director.

(11) Authorization of release for 135 days TDY.

(page 3) Cir 28-30 TAGO 104A

b. Applications must be accompanied by samples of artwork and photographs, as follows:

(1) Two sketches of military subjects including figures, no larger than 8 by 10 1/2 inches. Recent work in the original (not copies) is preferable.

(2) Three color photographs either transparencies or prints, of paintings or other artwork on any subject.

(3) Recent photograph (8 by 10) glossy of applicant, suitable for publicity release.

Final determination as to selection of applicants will be predicated upon quality of work indicated in samples. The importance of meeting this requirement must be understood by each individual desiring consideration for the Army Combat Artist Program. Samples of artwork and photographs submitted by applicants who are selected as team members may be retained at the Department of the Army. All other samples of work will be returned to the individuals.

c. Applications may be submitted continuously from 1 July through 15 December 1967. In the event applications are required for Combat Artist Teams in FY 1969, an announcement will be made during the period 1 January--30 June 1968. applications which are not selected for one team and cannot be held over for consideration for the next team will be returned to individuals.

d. Applications will be forwarded from installations, through Army command channels to The Adjutant General, ATTN: AGMS--C, Department of the Army, Washington, D.C. 20315. Applications which are not properly submitted will not be considered for selection.

7. FY 68 schedule for teams. The schedule of the three teams is a follows:

Team IV--(Vietnam) 15 August--15 October 1967; (Hawaii) 16 October--31 December 1967.

Team V--(Vietnam) 1 November--30 December 1967; (Hawaii) 31 December 1967--15 March 1968.

Team VI--(Vietnam) 1 February--30 March 1968; (Hawaii) 31 March--15 June 1968.

8. Provisions for TDY. a. Costs of transportation and per diem for soldier-artists will be defrayed by the Department of the Army. fund citation, dates, and instructions will be furnished with notification of individuals selected as member of FY 1968 combat artist teams. Preparation of travel orders for subject individuals will be accomplished locally.

b. Individuals will be placed on TDY for approximately 135 eays, with orders written as follows:

(1) sixty days' duty with the Command Historian, Headquarters, United States Army, Vietnam, APO San Francisco 96375, followed by:

(2) Seventy-five days' duty with Special Services Officer, Headquarters, United state Army, Hawaii, APO San Francisco 96557.

c. Combat artist team members will be attached for rations, quarters, and administration as follows:

(1) In Vietnam. To Headquarters Company, United States Army, Vietnam Special Troop, APO San Francisco 96307.

(2) In Hawaii. To Headquarters Company, U.S. Army Garrison, Scofield Barracks, United States Army, Hawaii, APO San Francisco 96557.

d. Thirty pounds excess baggage will be allowed for transportation of art supplies and technical equipment. Category Z air travel and military air will be authorized.

e. although a security clearance is not mandatory for this duty, the security classification for individuals who have been cleared for access to classified defense information should be indicated on the orders.

f. Arrangements for travel within CONUS will be the responsibility of each individual concerned. Reservations for oversea flights will be made by Headquarter, Department of the Army; Headquarters, United States Army; Vietnam and/or Headquarters, United state Army, Hawaii.

(page 4)
Cir 28-30 TAGO 104A

g. Immediately upon notification of selection, team members should obtain essential medical processing for Vietnam.

h. Passports are not required for military personnel on TDY in Vietnam or Hawaii. In the event of travel through areas where a passport is necessary, arrangements to obtain one can be made in Vietnam.

i. Per diem rates during travel will be in accordance with Joint Travel Regulations. Receipts and data on travel schedules must be retained for submission of travel vouchers. Copies of travel orders should be available at all times.

j. Military personnel will receive combat pay at the rate of $65 per month while on duty in Vietnam.

k. combat artist team members will have in their personal possession their military personnel pay and health records.

l. Fatigue uniforms and combat boots are required in Vietnam. Team members should obtain six sets of lightweight fatigues, two pairs of boots, one mess kit and a poncho liner. Light weight civilian clothing may be worn in Saigon and Hawaii.

m. All U.S. dollars, including traveler's checks, in possession of individuals must be turned in for military scrip upon arrival in Vietnam.

n. Mailing addresses for combat artist teams will be as follows:

(1) Vietnam--
c/o Office Military History, G3,
HQ, USARV, APO San Francisco 96375

(2) Hawaii--
c/o Crafts Branch, Special Services Office,
HQ, USARHAW, APO San Francisco 96557

o. Upon arrival in Vietnam individuals will report to the Office, Chief of Military History, G3, Headquarters, United States Army, Vietnam.

p. Personally owned technical equipment desired for use in this assignment (i.e., brushes drafting tools, camera, etc.) should be carried by the artist.

9. Accounting and coordination. To assure that proper accounting and coordination can be made for combat artist teams, the following procedures must be observed:

a. Preparing agency will authorize distribution of three copies of individual travel orders to:

(1) Chief of Military History
Department of the Army
ATTN: Historical Services Division
Washington, D.C. 20315

(2) Finance and Accounts Office,
United State Army
2d and R Streets SW.
ATTN: FINFA--3.3.6
Washington, D.C. 20315

(3) Commander in chief
United State Army, Pacific
APO San Francisco 96558

(4) Commanding General
United States Army, Hawaii
APO San Francisco 96557

(5) Commander
United States Military Assistance Command Vietnam
APO San Francisco 96243

(6) Commanding General
United States Army, Vietnam
APO San Francisco 96375

(7) Commanding Officer
Headquarters Company
USARV Special Troops
APO San Francisco 96307

(8) Commanding Officer
Headquarters Company U.S. Army Garrison,
Schofield Barracks, USARHAW
APO San Francisco 96557

(9) The Adjutant General
department of the Army
Washington, D.C. 20315

b. Within 30 days of travel each team member will send costs for transportation within CONUS and any commercial flights in oversea areas to:
chief of Military History
Department of the Army
ATTN: Historical Services Division
Washington, D.C. 20315

c. Each team member will furnish Chief of Military History (at the address listed in be above) the total amount of per diem received, as soon as payment is received.

(page 5)
Cir 28-30 TAGO 104A

10. Promotion. The success of FY 1968 Combat Artist Program will be dependent upon maximum promotion at all levels. Public information personnel are urged to employ all available military resources to insure broad coverage through press service publications, radio, and television. A positive approach to the use of soldier-talent for the benefit of military history should both inform and encourage participants within the Army.

By Order of the Secretary of the Army:

General, United States Army,
Chief of Staff.

Major General, United States Army,
The Adjutant General.

To be distributed in accordance with DA Form 12-9 requirements for Administration:
Active Army: C; NG and USAR: None

(end of circular)

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